- Virology Students
- Virology Researchers
- Virology Faculty
- Medical Colleges
- Virology Associations and Societies
- Research Labs
- Manufacturing Medical Devices Companies
Why to attend?
- Center for Emerging Viral Infections Research
- Hunter Medical Research Institute
- Center for Global Research and Intervention in Infectious Diseases
- Infectious and Immunologic Diseases Research Center
- Global virus network
- HIV Medicine Association
- International AIDS Society
- Canadian Society for International Health
Viruses are tiny infectious agents which can contaminate plants, animals, insects and even microscopic organisms. An extensive variety of infections are portrayed by their size and their protection from synthetic or physical agents and pathogenic effects. Now-a days, they concentrated on two things; Viruses are dependent on host cell machinery for their replication and both bacterial and animal viruses are responsible for bringing about a recombinant DNA revolution. Because of these reasons, viruses are centered around their utilization in cell and sub-atomic science as they can answer many arising questions in biology. Viruses show solid immunological reactions with both cell and humoral immunity. Many antivirals were created to treat viral diseases by targeting viral replication stages.
Viral epidemiology is the study of incidence and spread of viruses in population over a period. Host, virus and environmental factors are observed to analyze and determine the dynamics of viral infections to plan different strategies of eradication. Pathogenicity refers to the proportion of infections that cause over time, which varies from virus to virus and may be affected by other factors.
The epidemiology of plant virus diseases concerns the cyclical development of virus diseases within plant populations in time and space. Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is a positive-sense single stranded RNA virus that infects a wide range of plants, especially tobacco and other members of the family Solanaceae. In the viral life cycle, viral entry is the emergent stage of infection, as the virus invades with the host cell and intrudes viral material into the cell. Mycoviruses are viral agents that infect fungi. They have double-stranded RNA genomes and isometric particles. To be a true mycovirus, they should have a positive sense and single-stranded RNA genomes and must be able to be transmit infections.
Presently, molecular studies on host interactions, assembly and replication of insect viruses have contributed extensively to the molecular and cellular biology. There are many advantages with insect in viruses, for example; they replicate with ease in cell cultures or animals, they replicate in high numbers and it is easy to carryout genetic manipulations in insect viruses.
The human immunodeficiency virus is a lentivirus that causes HIV infection and AIDS. HIV diagnosis is done by testing your blood or saliva for antibodies of the virus. HIV/AIDS clinical trials are research studies done to have a better approach, distinguish, or treat HIV/AIDS. Clinical trials are the predominant way to determine if new medical approaches to HIV/AIDS are safe and effective in people.
In recent years, diagnostic and clinical virology have been integrated into routine medical practice. It is mainly due to the epidemic outbreak of HIV and AIDS, also, the success of hematopoietic stem cell and solid organ transplantation has greatly increased the number of patients at risk for dangerous opportunistic viral infections. Vector-borne diseases and blood-borne diseases are the major infections caused. The infections transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, blackflies, etc are called as vector-borne diseases. Infections spread through contamination by blood and other body fluids are known as blood-borne diseases. The plant viruses majorly target the RNA-silencing system to infect plants.
It is reported that the world industry for drug discovery outsourcing reached $16.6 billion in 2015. The study of parasites that duplicate inside microscopic organisms by making utilization of the host biosynthetic machinery is known as bacterial virology. Bacteriophages are the infections that infect and recreate in microscopic organisms. Since the mid-1970s, microbes have kept on creating protection from anti-infection agents, for example, penicillin, and this has prompted a new interest for the utilization of bacteriophages to treat genuine contaminations.
The study of animal infections is critical, and a considerable list of these infections cause illnesses that are monetarily annihilating. Numerous infections which affect the animals are likewise imperative from a human medicinal point of view. The rise of the SARS infection in the human populace, originating from an animal source, features the significance of animals in harboring irresistible agents; avian flu infections can specifically infect people. Alpha infections are a small group, encompassed single-stranded positive-sense RNA infections. They are by and large transmitted by arthropod vectors (typically mosquitoes). Out of thirty known species, eight are vital human pathogens (e.g. Venezuelan equine encephalitis infection) while one, salmonid alpha infection, is of commercial significance to the cultivated fish industry. In view of their little size alpha infections have truly been used as model frameworks for the examination of viral pathogenesis.
Myocarditis is a disease of both grown-up and pediatric patients that it is an inflammatory issue caused by viral diseases. Hand-foot and mouth ailment, herpangina, aseptic meningitis and pleurodynia are predominant viral ailments in pediatric patients. EAC suspects that the viral business will hoist from past efficient/worldwide size of $4.2 billion to $6.9 billion this year demonstrating a compound yearly development rate (CAGR) of around 10.6%.
Immunizations have been among the best well-being approach for securing the person against viral infections, with two of universes effective antibody being against small pox and poliovirus. Viral immunizations are a blend of inactivated infections and enacted infections. Inactivated or killed viral immunizations contain infections, they don't have capacity to imitate and to achieve a reaction it contains an antigen. Activated or live vaccines contain the live type of the infection. As of now, Virus like particles sorts out another immunization idea. Such particles comprise of self-collected auxiliary proteins from the infection which can evoke an insusceptible reaction but as they lack the genetic material, they can be termed as safer vaccines.
Human Virology manages infections which attack human. Hepatitis A Virus is an irresistible agent and hence the disease Hepatitis A. Before it is classified as an enterovirus type 72, because of its physical and synthetic characteristics identified with entero infection, however it varies in nucleotide and amino acid groups and sizes of HAV proteins are not similar and they imitate gradually without cytopathic impact in cell culture and they are resistant to temperatures and medications which can inactivate numerous picornaviruses and stable up to pH-1, so due to these reasons they were classified into a new variety, Hepatovirus within the family of Picornaviridae.
Viral oncology is a subdivision of oncology, It deals about treatment of human growths/tumors with infection particles. Roughly 20% of all tumor outgrowths are a result of chronic infections. Upto 15% of human malignancies is portrayed by a viral etiology with higher rate in Developing Countries. Certainly, the irresistible idea of tumors has vital ramifications in their defensive mechanism, diagnosis, and treatment. In the 21st Century, the exploration on viral oncology field keeps on being dynamic, with new huge and unique investigations on viral oncogenesis and as a translational research from virology for the treatment of disease
Pure Microbiology provides a wide platform of research and new insights into various zones of Microbiology. Diverse branches of Microbiology include mycology, Virology, Immunology, infectious diseases, bacteriology, nematology, parasitology, and so on. The anti-toxins are the specialists utilized against pathogenic microscopic organisms, either orally or in a paternal way.
Current research in virology incorporates the examination of components of HIV replication and pathogenesis. Diseases, for example, Alzheimer's illness and HIV-1-related dementia. Other research includes incessant and inactive diseases caused by viruses, for example, Epstein-Barr and Kaposi's sarcoma related herpes infection and herpes simplex and the retrovirus. Researchers are additionally considering viral host communications alongside the system of viral instigated cell transformation. Drug-drug interactions happen when a medication interacts or meddles, with another medication leading to sudden responses.