Clinical and Diagnostic Virology

In recent years, diagnostic and clinical virology have been integrated into routine medical practice. It is mainly due to the epidemic outbreak of HIV and AIDS, also, the success of hematopoietic stem cell and solid organ transplantation has greatly increased the number of patients at risk for dangerous opportunistic viral infections. Vector-borne diseases and blood-borne diseases are the major infections caused. The infections transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, blackflies, etc are called as vector-borne diseases. Infections spread through contamination by blood and other body fluids are known as blood-borne diseases. The plant viruses majorly target the RNA-silencing system to infect plants.